Determining if an equation is a function is easy if we know or at least familiar of the graph of a certain equation. To determine a function, we conduct vertical line test. It is done by intersecting a vertical line anywhere in the graph of an equation being test. If the vertical line drawn intersects the equation once the equation is a function. Otherwise the equation is not a function.
Vertical Line Test
Given a line and the blue line as the vertical line drawn. As the vertical line moves from left to right It always intersects the line at only one point. It implies that the equation is a function. Same process is done with other types of equation.
Determine which of the following is/are function/s?
a. b. c. d.
Solution: This topic will help us a lot to determine the graph of an equation without actually graphing it. But since I have the power to graph it using my Geogebra tool let me show how the graph of these equations look like.
a. this is an ellipse.
Again the equation is a function if the vertical line drawn intersects the graph of an equation being tested at only one point. All are functions except the ellipse since as we move the vertical line horizontally it intersects the graph of an ellipse at two points.