Identifying the Graph of an Equation Without Plotting

Being familiar of the graph of common equation is very helpful specially when dealing with complex problem. One important application is for us to easily identify if an equation is a function or not. The graph is the soul of an equation.

General Equation:

Ax^2+By^2+Cx+Dy+E=0   this is also the general equations of conic sections. Where {A,B,C,D,E} are real numbers.

Case 1: A=B 

Ax^2+Ay^2+Cx+Dy+E=0  ,  this is an equation of a CIRCLE.

Example:    x^2+y^2+2x+y-4=0

circlef

But there are cases that this is an equation of an EMPTY SET.

If      \displaystyle\frac{C^2+D^2}{4A}-E<0.

Case 2: A & B are of the same sign but not equal.

Ax^2+By^2+Cx+Dy+E=0   or  -x^2-By^2+Cx+Dy+E=0 ,     this is an equation of an ELLIPSE

Example:     2 x^2+3y^2+-4x+5y-2=0

elipsef

Case 3: A and B are of different signs. Whether A and B equal or unequal.

Ax^2-By^2+Cx+Dy+E=0 ,   this is an equation of a HYPERBOLA

Example:    x^2-y^2-2x+2y-2=0

hyperbola

 

Case 4: A=0 or B=0

By^2+Cx+Dy+E=0  or Ax^2+Cx+Dy+E=0 ,   this is an equation of PARABOLA.

Example (A=0)  :    y^2-3x+4y+5=0

parabola1

 

Example (B=0): 3x^2-2x+2y+4=0

parabola2

 

Case 5: A=0 and B=0

Cx+Dy+E=0 ,  this is an equation of a SLANT STRAIGHT LINE

Example:    2x-3y+5=0

line1

Case 6. A=0, B=0,C=0

Dy+E=0 ,  this is an equation of a HORIZONTAL LINE

Example: 3y+4=0

horiline

Case 7: A=0,B=0,D=0

Cx+E=0 ,  this is an equation of a VERTICAL LINE

Example:     2x-1=0

vertline

 

 

Practice Problems:

Direction: Identify the equation if it is a graph of parabola, hyperbola, circle, ellipse,Empty set, slant straight line, vertical line or horizontal line.

 

1.   3x^2+4y^2+2x-3y+9=0

2.   x^2-2y^2+4x+5y-6=0

3.   3x-2y+1=0

4.   x^2+y^2-4x+3y-6=0

5.   5y+2=0

6.   4x^2+8x-3y=0

7.   2y^2-3x+4y+7=0

8.   4x^2+4y^2+1=0

9.   3x^2+4y^2+5=0

10.   x^2+y^2+4x-4y+9=0

 

Answer Key

 

 

Dan

Dan

Blogger and a Math enthusiast. Has no interest in Mathematics until MMC came. Aside from doing math, he also loves to travel and watch movies.
Dan

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  1. March 31, 2014

    […] Solution: This topic will help us a lot to determine the graph of an equation without actually graphing it. But since I have the power to graph it using my Geogebra tool let me show how the graph of these equations look like. […]

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